Difference between revisions of "Create SD Image Version 0.8.4"

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  SHA256(hivetool084.img.zip)= e90ccc3aad2f963078358359c9f8b9750002d176fef73e2c40b56fff97b99091
  SHA256(hivetool084.img.zip)= e90ccc3aad2f963078358359c9f8b9750002d176fef73e2c40b56fff97b99091
See the [[Remote Access]] page for details using PuTTy, XRDP or VPN for remote access.
===Bug fixes===
===Bug fixes===

Revision as of 17:29, 17 March 2020

The HiveTool image for the Raspberry Pi Version 0.8.4 Release is available here:


The sizes are:

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  7651717632 Mar 17 06:19 hivetool084.img
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  2901545920 Mar 17 06:39 hivetool084.img.zip

The sha1, md5 and sha256 sums of the zipped image are:

$ sha1sum hivetool084.img.zip 
d6d9f55a01900227de3818e6d7df32f8d9849c2d  hivetool084.img.zip
$ md5sum hivetool084.img.zip 
e0d640d1f2176976999c0ca5ce81f88f  hivetool084.img.zip
$ openssl dgst -sha256 -hex hivetool084.img.zip 
SHA256(hivetool084.img.zip)= e90ccc3aad2f963078358359c9f8b9750002d176fef73e2c40b56fff97b99091

See the Remote Access page for details using PuTTy, XRDP or VPN for remote access.

Bug fixes

  1. Fix problem with config.pl taking a long time to load
  2. Fix problem with data on charts not aligning properly.
  3. Fix problem with config.pl when saving with blank fields (elevation).
  4. Fix problem with weather station temp and dew point dropping negative signs (not parsing correctly in hive.sh).
    add -E to grep command and \-? to regex.
  5. Fix problem with hive.sh failure when locale set to Norway.
    Add export LC_ALL=C.UTF-8 to beginning of hive.sh


  1. Change graph generation to gnuplot.
  2. Added additional graphs for wind and battery voltage.
  3. Add support for BME680
  4. Add support for DS18B20
  5. Increase resolution of the weight from xxx.xx to xxx.xxx
  6. Added video monitoring with RasPi Cam.

Install gnuplot

sudo apt-get install gnuplot

add -r Retries option to driver wrappers

The maximum number of retries to read a sensor before giving up can be specified.

The shell script wrappers around the sensor drivers (dht22.sh, hx711.sh, hx711py.sh, etc) now accept a -r retries command line argument.

# Get the command line options (which device/GPIO pin to read), maximum number of times to try reading the sensor
while getopts "d:r:" option
        case "${option}"
                d) DEVICE=${OPTARG};;
                r) MAXRETRIES=${OPTARG};;

# If max number of retires not specified, default to 10
if [ -z $MAXRETRIES ]

#echo "DEVICE = $DEVICE"
# Loop up to MAXRETRIES times trying to read the sensor

while [ $COUNTER -lt $MAXRETRIES ] && [ $DATA_GOOD -eq 0 ]

In config.pl, the -r1 option is added to the command line when the driver is called:

  if ( $hive_weight_sensor eq "cpw200plus" ) {
           $raw_hive_weight=`/usr/bin/sudo /home/hivetool/cpw200plus.sh -r1 -d $hive_weight_device`;
  elsif ( $hive_weight_sensor eq "HX711") {
      $raw_hive_weight=`/usr/bin/sudo /home/hivetool/hx711.sh -r1 2>&1`;
   elsif ( $hive_weight_sensor eq "HX711py") {
      $raw_hive_weight=`/usr/bin/sudo /home/hivetool/hx711py.sh -r1 2>&1`;

How the image was created

Get latest image

Download, verify the SHA256 checksum, unzip, burn image.

Image with desktop and recommended software based on Debian Buster
Version: July 2019
Release date: 2019-07-10
Kernel version: 4.19
Size: 1945 MB
SHA-256: 2bd0613ec8739b6fa4274ea186ec859046f79e6aee4b8c6af0acb6d88f3f533a

Verify the checksum:

$ openssl dgst -sha256 -hex 2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.zip
SHA256(2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.zip)= 2bd0613ec8739b6fa4274ea186ec859046f79e6aee4b8c6af0acb6d88f3f533a

Unzip the image

$ unzip 2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.zip 
Archive:  2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.zip
 inflating: 2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.img

Copy it to the SD card

# dd bs=40M if=2019-07-10-raspbian-buster-full.img  of=/dev/sdb
153+1 records in
153+1 records out
6434062336 bytes (6.4 GB, 6.0 GiB) copied, 819.132 s, 7.9 MB/s

Boot Buster boots directly into the window system.


Update, upgrade

update your system's package list and then upgrade all your installed packages to their latest versions:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Install RPi-Cam-Web-Interface


First install motion:

sudo apt-get install motion

Then install RPi-Cam-Web-Interface

git clone https://github.com/silvanmelchior/RPi_Cam_Web_Interface.git
cd RPi_Cam_Web_Interface

Remove packages we don't need

sudo apt-get remove --purge scratch dillo squeak-vm sonic-pi
sudo apt-get autoremove
sudo apt-get clean
rm -rf /home/pi/python_games
sudo rm -rf /opt/minecraft-pi

Install packages we need

sudo apt-get -y install gawk bc libusb-dev libexpat1-dev sqlite3
sudo apt-get -y install dh-autoreconf libudev-dev
sudo apt-get -y install gnuplot

Install perl modules

sudo cpan CGI Date::Format XML::Simple DBI DBD::SQLite Chart::Gnuplot
sudo cpan DateTime

Install perl DateTime module

apt-get install libcgi-pm-perl
apt-get install libxml-perl
apt-get install libxml-simple-perl
apt-get install libdatetime-perl
apt-get install libdbi-perl
apt-get install libdbd-sqlite3-perl
apt-get install libchart-gnuplot-perl

Web Server

Configure apache

  1. Link the cgi.load and include.load module to mods-enabled
    ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/cgi.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled
    ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/include.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled
  2. Add .pl to AddHandler cgi-script
    sudo vi /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/mime.conf
    uncomment #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi (around line 219) and add ".pl .py" so it looks like:
    AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl .py
  3. add Includes and +ExecCGI to Options:
    sudo vi /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
    In stanza <Directory /var/www/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes ExecCGI
  4. Add index.shtml to DirectoryIndex:
    sudo vi /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dir.conf
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.pl index.php index.xhtml index.htm
    DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.pl index.php index.xhtml index.htm index.shtml
  5. Set up apache to listen on port 8080 if using port forwarding:
    sudo vi /etc/apache2/ports.conf
    add Listen 8080
  6. Copy 000-default.conf to sites-enabled and add port 8080
    cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
  7. Edit /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf and add port 8080
    vi sites-enabled/000-default.conf
    and change the first line to:
    <VirtualHost *:80 *:8080>
  8. Turn off logging for video frames
    vi sites-enabled/000-default.conf
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined env=!dontlog
    SetEnvIf Request_URI "^/cam_pic.php$" dontlog
  1. Restart Apache
sudo apachectl restart   or      sudo/etc/rc4.d/S02apache2 restart

Set sudo user privileges for Apache

This is necessary to allow config.pl to read the sensors. Run visudo to edit the sudo config file:

sudo visudo

and insert these line in the "User privilege specification" section:

# User privilege specification
root    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/hive.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/hx711pyB.sh, /home/hivetool/hx711.sh, /home/hivetool/hx711b.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/HX711a128.py, /home/hivetool/hx711py.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/dht22_adafruit.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/bme680-1.py, /home/hivetool/bme680.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/nice
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /home/hivetool/temperhum.sh
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/2591, /usr/local/bin/2561
www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/hx711, /usr/local/bin/hx711wp_chanB, /usr/local/bin/AdafruitDHT.py, /usr/local/bin/Seeed_DHT22

Test wiringPi library

WiringPi is PRE-INSTALLED with standard Raspbian systems. To update (or install):

sudo apt-get install wiringpi

To test:

$ gpio -v

gpio version: 2.50
Copyright (c) 2012-2018 Gordon Henderson
This is free software with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
For details type: gpio -warranty 

Raspberry Pi Details:
  Type: Pi 3B+, Revision: 03, Memory: 1024MB, Maker: Sony 
  * Device tree is enabled.
  *--> Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Plus Rev 1.3
  * This Raspberry Pi supports user-level GPIO access.


To display all the I/O:

$ gpio readall


Install SQLite database administration tools. Download zipped file from


and save in /home/downloads.

mkdir /home/downloads/phpLiteAdmin
cd /home/downloads/phpLiteAdmin

wget https://bitbucket.org/phpliteadmin/public/downloads/phpLiteAdmin_v1-9-8-2.zip

Unzip and copy the php files to/var/www/html/admin

unzip phpLiteAdmin_v*.zip
sudo mkdir /var/www/html/admin
sudo cp *.php /var/www/html/admin

Install php

sudo apt install php7.0 php7.0-cli
sudo apt-get install php-sqlite3

Configure phpliteadmin

cd /var/www/html/admin/
sudo cp phpliteadmin.config.sample.php phpliteadmin.config.php
vi phpliteadmin.config.php


$directory = '.';  


$directory = '..';


sudo apt-get install gnuplot
pip install PyGnuplot

gEDA Schematic/PCB layout software

Install the Electronic Design Automation tools

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install geda pcb gerbv

In /home/pi/.gEDA create /home/pi/.gEDA/gschem

vi /home/pi/.gEDA/gschem

and add the following line

(component-library "/home/hardware/symbols")

Copy the schematics and PCB layouts to /home/hardware.

LibreCAD software

sudo apt-get install librecad

Install streaming software

Install ffmpeg

Install ffmpeg streaming software for streaming audio and video from the hive

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg-doc

Oops! ffserver has been dropped from ffmpeg! Replace with mjpg-streamer?

Install Sensor Drivers


PiMoroni Python driver
sudo curl https://get.pimoroni.com/bme680 | bash

DHTxx Temperature/Humidity Sensor

This code uses the PiGPIO libraries (pigpiod).

  1. Download the DHT11/21/22/33/44 Sensor code from http://abyz.me.uk/rpi/pigpio/code/DHTXXD.zip
  2. Unzip
  3. compile

Note that this code uses the Broadcom GPIO numbering so Ras Pi GPIO 2 <=> Broadcom GPIO 27 Ras Pi GPIO 3 <=> Broadcom GPIO 22

mkdir /home/downloads/DHTxx
cd /home/downloads/DHTxx
wget http://abyz.me.uk/rpi/pigpio/code/DHTXXD.zip
unzip DHTXXD
gcc -Wall -pthread -o DHTXXD test_DHTXXD.c DHTXXD.c -lpigpiod_if2

Python DHT22 code from Adafruit

DEPRICATED Do not use - breaks I2C bus

*** sudo apt-get install python-dev *** NOT NECESSARY ALREADY INSTALLED ***
cd /home/downloads
git clone https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Python_DHT.git
cd Adafruit_Python_DHT
sudo python setup.py install
cd examples
python AdafruitDHT.py

HX711 weight ADC

c code driver is hx711wp

Note: The original hx711 code has been modified to use the wiringPi library and a bug fixed.

  1. Download the software from gitHub
    cd /home/downloads
    sudo git clone https://github.com/ggurov/hx711
  2. replace hx711.c with hx711wp.c and add locking.h
  3. compile
    gcc -o hx711wp hx711wp.c -lwiringPi
  4. Copy hx711 command to /usr/local/bin:
    sudo cp hx711wp /usr/local/bin/hx711
  5. To read the battery voltage, copy hx711wp_chanB command to /usr/local/bin:
    sudo cp hx711wp_chanB /usr/local/bin/hx711wp_chanB

python driver

TLS2561 Lux Sensor

2561 Adafruit with modified code.

cp 2561 /usr/local/bin

TLS2591 Lux Sensor

2591 Adafruit with modified code.

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 10439 Aug  3 01:36 2591a.cpp
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  3303 Aug  3 01:36 2591a.h
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  1509 Aug  3 01:36 2591_pi_2.cpp
gcc 2591_pi_2.cpp 2591a.cpp -lwiringPi -o 2591 
cp 2591 /usr/local/bin

Add crontab entries

Edit crontab:

sudo crontab -e

Add to crontab:

# ### Start of Hivetool crontab entries ###
# start PIGPIO daemon on boot 
@reboot /usr/local/bin/pigpiod
# start Data Acquisition Daemon on boot
# use dad7.sh for hardware version 0.1 through 0.3
# use dad8.sh for hardware version 1.0 and greater
#@reboot /home/hivetool/dad7.sh
@reboot /home/hivetool/dad7.sh
# Check hive instruments every 5 minutes. Kill process after 3 1/2 minutes.
0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 * * * * timeout -s KILL 3.5m /home/hivetool/hive.sh >/dev/null 2>&1
# Check the server status. Kill process after 1 minute.
4,9,14,19,24,29,34,39,44,49,54,59 * * * * timeout -s KILL 1m /home/hivetool/server_status.sh > /var/www/html/server_status.txt
# Reset the rain gauge at midnight
1 0 * * * timeout -s KILL 1m /home/hivetool/rain_reset.sh
# ### End of HiveTool crontab entries ###

Install National Time Protocol Daemon (ntpd)

sudo apt-get -y install ntp

Install RTC support

Edit /boot/config.txt. Add:

#enable RTC DS3231 module

Edit /lib/udev/hwclock-set and comment out these three lines:

#if [ -e /run/systemd/system ] ; then
# exit 0

Set GPU memory

Set GPU_MEM, GPU_MEM_256, GPU_MEM_512, and GPU_MEM_1024 for different Pi models in config.txt. Maybe:


Install touchscreen pop up keyboard support

sudo apt-get install matchbox

Install openOCD

sudo apt-get install openocd

Set up users/passwords for web interfaces

htpasswd -c /usr/local/.htpasswd [USER]

Create access levels for RPi Cam

vi /var/www/html/cam/userLevel

Add version to wallpaper for desktop

sudo cp /home/pi/temple_hivetool.jpg /usr/share/rpd-wallpaper/